Tory This very detailed history of the closing days of WWII and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki It untangles the complex decision making on the part of the Japanese the Americans and the Russians that lead to the use of nuclear weapons for the first and hopefully only time in history The author blames nationalism and intransigence by both the Japanese and Americans in negotiating a surrender of Japan without resorting to use of the bomb Japan in arly 1945 was beat It was the terms of surrender which were a sticking point between the Japanese and the Americans The idea that if a nuclear weapon wasn t used a ground invasion would be necessary is a postwar fantasy Japan is not off the hook though The hardliners in the government refused to bow to the inevitable and dragged their feet long after their cause was lost The Americans for there part had already gotten their hands dirty with area bombing of Europe and Japan and did not see that this new weapon was something very different from conventional bombing The author argues that it was Russian Doctor Illuminatus entry into the Pacific war and not the bomb that caused the Japanese to capitulate The bomb was the punctuation mark that spurred the surrender This would be farce if it wasn t for what the bomb did to these two cities The descriptions of what witnesses went through makes thisvent dead serious and sobering The descriptions of burnt bodies and collapsed buildings as well as the radiation sickness don t make for pleasant reading The Real Witches Kitchen especially knowing we live in a world where thousands of powerful bombs sit on ICBMs all over the world The author shows that the bombing was unnecessary but inevitable due to animosity and inertia Very good assessment of what really happened on that fateful August Excellent account of the development of the atomic bomb leading to the A bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the aftermath Ham focuses on the horror of the bombings and how it affected some of the indviduals Over 100000 people were killed and people have kept dying since then Was it worth it Ham argues that no it wasn t The atomic bombings did not bring about annd to the Pacific War The blockade of Japan by the overpowering naval might of the USA and American total control of the air by July 1945 were bringing about an nd to the war without any invasion by troops necessary What finally pressed the Emperor Hirohito to make his announcement of surrender was the Soviet declaration of war followed by the reception of the Byrnes Note which stated that the Japanese could keep their Emperor although most Americans wanted him put on trial as a war criminal So Japan was able to surrender conditionally not unconditionallyHam makes a good case that the thousands of deaths in Hiroshima and Nagasaki were unnecessary Judging by the two xtremes ratings that this book received in one can tell that this is a rather controversial book The author did not think that the atomic bombs made Japan surrender which in turn avoided the loss of lives of many Americans who would otherwise have to invade the main islands of Japan But his position was not just that the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were unnecessary he went further to obliuely imply that the reason for dropping the atomic bombs were for the pure purpose of killing civiliansThe author argued that the atomic bombs were unnecessary by showing thatFire b A fascinating account of the buildup and background to the dropping of the two atomic bombs on Japan and the aftermath A lot of research obviously went into this book although I have read accounts before those were mainly to with the horrendous O Testamento experiences of the survivors This book makes it very clearxactly what drove the handful of men who controlled the Gangbang Slut entire Japanese war machine and their lack of concern with onexception a man who was always overruled for the ordinary people They were just cannon fodder or One Con Glory expected to live off starvation rations a lot of children died of malnutrition while labouring to demolish buildings and create firebreaks in the cities which by then werexperiencing devastating icendiary bombing raids by the US airforce Even children as young as
12 were conscripted while the mindless propaganda continued were conscripted while the mindless propaganda continued insist that Japan was winning the war As long as these civilians died with honour that was all that mattered to those who ruled over themBehind the scenes the heads of the military were resistant to the increasing conviction of the civilian members of the government that a peace had to be brokered but the stumbling block was the US insistence on unconditional surrender The Emperor had to be preserved and this had not been guaranteed The book documents the peace feelers these top officials put out through various channels the chief one being via the ambassador to the Soviet Union who was Defying Shadows (Rising Shadows expected to convince the Russian goverment to be the mediator of annd to the war despite the unusual for the time blunt and determined attempts by that ambassador to The Great Orange Leonard Scandal (Tall Tales Series; 4) explain to his superiors that the Russians had no interest in doing that and were in fact building up to break their agreement with Japan The strange system of government in Japan at the time where the Emperor was literally a living god but was also rarelyxpected to voice his own opinion and where if he said that Japan should surrender it would be seen as influence from corrupt officials who would then be fair game for assassination meant that despite crippling losses and a mounting death toll from the conventional bombing there was no will among t We have discovered the most terrible bomb in the history of the world Harry S Truman 25 July 1945In an interview Paul Ham said that it took him four years to write this book 25 years of research and 15 years to write and Tangled Webs (The Black Jewels, edit He said that he chose this topic because I have always felt that there is something wrong with American narratives that attempt to justify the slaughter of hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians in a nuclear holocaust After researching and analysing the core archives Paul Ham said he felt a strong impulse to write an accurate account of the bomb and to dissect the truth from the lies and popular myths The lead up to August 1945 and the aftermath is covered from a number of different angles historical and political as well as military and scientific Aspects of the book are based onxtensive interviews with A Fairly Honourable Defeat eighty survivors and depict the human communities of the two cities before and after they were destroyed So much of the damage was civilian schools hospitals and. Ostly women children and thelderly Many hundreds of thousands succumbed to their horrific injuries later or slowly perished of radiation related sickness Yet the bombs were 'our least abhorrent choice' American leaders claimed at the time and still today most people believe they nded the Pacific War and saved millions of American and Japanese lives Ham challenges this view arguing that the bombings when Japan was on its knees were the culmination of a strategic Allied air war on nemy civilians that began in Germany and had till then xacted its most hor. Hiroshima Nagasaki The Real Story of the Atomic Bombings and Their Aftermath by Paul Ham TBRHiroshima Diary The Journal of a Japanese Physician August 6 September 30 1945 by Michihiko Hachiya TBRNagasaki Life After Nuclear War by Susan Southard TBRThe Last Train from Hiroshima The Survivors Look Back by Charles Pellegrino TBRHiroshima by John Hersey 3 starsSachiko A Nagasaki Bomb Survivor s Story by Caren Stelson 3 starsThe Bells of Nagasaki by Takashi Nagai 2 stars This is a fascinating book with a powerful premise Americans are brought up believing we dropped bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki only because we felt forced to and that Japan would never have surrendered otherwise After absorbing this controversial book I still think that s partially true but not the whole truthPaul Ham meticulously presents a different view that makes the chaotic nd of the war and the race for the bomb feel much nuanced than that standard history Some of the things I learned were surprising and upsetting According to Ham we were The Man Without a Face eager to test the bombs and actually in a bit of a hurry to do so before the warnded There were military targets we could have chosen but we deliberately targeted city centers full of civilians Mistakenly we thought that would send a stronger message to Japan but Japan s military and political leaders were so far removed from reality at that point and so generally unconcerned with civilian casualties that Hiroshima and Nagasaki barely registered in their discussions near the nd of the war We also failed to understand that Japan wasn t a democracy and no amount of harming civilians could cause them to rise up and demand an nd to the war they were truly helpless targets And no one in Japan knew what an atomic bomb was or how it was different than the firestorms that had been raging through its other cities Japan s leaders never got the message of shock and awe of the bombs were supposed to deliverMore surprises for me anyway Russia invading Japan was really the catalyst that pushed Japan to surrender That happened after Hiroshima but before Nagasaki making a good argument that the second bomb was really Gone (Gone, extraneous The people of Hiroshima may have suffered for little reason but the people of Nagasaki suffered for no reason I thought it was interesting how removed Truman was from the creation and delivery of the bombs He was gung ho about doing it but very hands off He didn tven know about Nagasaki until afterwards Imagine in this day and age dropping a bomb on civilians in another country and the President not being directly involvedThe randomness of the cities chosen was chilling to read about Kyoto was spared from the list of targets because someone in the military group who was choosing the cities had been there and had fond memories of it The weather dictated where the bombs were dropped Nagasaki was literally a last minute choice when the actual target city nearby was too obscured by cloudsAfter the war we sent American doctors to study the horrendous Threads Of The Shroud effects of radiation on the survivors Theyxamined countless suffering patients but they were not permitted to help them in any way or All Seated on the Ground even share their knowledge with the Japanese doctors who were mystified and utterly helpless in the face of this strange new illness The suffering of the Japanese people wasxtended long after the war by this heartless US policyHam s work has been castigated as revisionist by those saying he s applying liberal modern thinking to a very different time and place I can see threads of that in the book and obviously he s presenting a very uncomfortable look at US behavior at the nd of the war so people will react to that I think both viewpoints can be true however Ham is convincing in his argument that the bombs weren t the major reason that Japan finally surrendered and therefore
We Have To Accepthave to accept it s possible we did not need to do what we did But while Japan s leaders could live with civilian defeat their death before loss of honor culture would never permit them to
accept military defeat Faced with the invasion by Russia and outmilitary defeat Faced with the invasion by Russia and out options Japan used the bombings as a convenient xcuse in their view to surrender That means the bombings served a purpose in Wiring ending the warven if it wasn t uite the way we intendedWhat a powerful book about a terrible time in world history Thanks to my girlfriend s parents for giving me this one for Christmas most appreciatedThe bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the close of World War 2 are two of the most controversial Against All Odds events in warfare As a student of World War 2 albeit I ve always been much interested in the European theater than the Pacific theater I ve read uite a lot about the subject but it has always been tinged with a distinctly rationalist tone Sure it was a tragedy but it stopped World War 2 so it was in service of good This book is the first proper historical work I ve read which has flown in the face of that narrative if anything the book is deeply biased against the use of the bombs a point of view that I ve always held myself so this review is likely to be flawed from the outset But nevertheless here we go The old samurai in frock coats and winged collars sitting at attention at the conference table in the government s well stocked Tokyo shelter continued to observe inxtremis the ancient forms of deference and decorum of the warrior class they lived in the shadow of an antiue past in the darkened codes of honour and sacrifice in whose interests they were willing to destroy their nation and race p256The book begins with an overview of the state of the world at the outset of 1945 Roosevelt s death and Truman s ascendance the defeat of Germany the Japanese Empire s defeats and retreats throughout the pacific and the research into the atomic bomb As someone who hasn t been too interested in the Pacific theater until this point this was valuable I knew the broad strokes but the first few chapters of Hiroshima Nagasaki do a fantastic job of laying the foundations for the deeper study to followA chapter is dedicated to the US firebombing campaign which destroyed dozens of Japanese cities including Tokyo and Osaka and it is in this chapter that if it weren t already Ham A great read from start to finish Paul Ham has delivered yet again the book is well researched and tells the story from very aspect of the dropping of the A Bombs on Japan From the political intrigue to the scientific uest to unlock the power of the sun and those who were the victims of it s power this book is a well balanced look into a defining moment in his. 'Nobody is disturbed ' said President Truman three days after the destruction of Nagasaki in 1945 'over the use of the atomic bombs than I am but I was greatly disturbed over the unwarranted attack by the Japanese on Pearl Harbor and their murder of our prisoners of war The only language the Japanese seem to understand is the one we have been using to bombard them When you have to deal with a beast you have to treat him as a beast It is most regrettable but nevertheless true' The atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki killed than 100 000 instantly The homes of so many primarily women children and the aged It is an atomic bomb It is a harnessing of the basic power of the universe The force from which the sun draws its power has been loosed against those who brought war to the Far East Paul Ham writes that the orthodox view of why the atomic bombs were dropped is President Harry S Truman s justification nunciated two years after the decision was made that the bombs saved the necessity of invading Japan and the loss of one million American servicemen Ham scrutinises this The DOS ex post facto justification pointing out that the atomic bombs were not the only option and in any case Japan was rapidly running out of the raw materials reuired in order to continueGeneral Curtis LeMay like the RAF s Air Vice Marshall Bomber Harris who ordered the area bombing of Hamburg and Dresden believed that Japan s military leaders could be shamed into surrender if their cities and civilian population were blanket bombed The dropping of Little Boy and Fat Man was anxtension of that strategy and while these bombs killed thousands of civilians it apparently had little impact on the Japanese war machine or those directing it Or did it Surely it s not total coincidence that Japan surrendered just days after Nagasaki was bombed In Ham s view what really led to the Japanese surrender was Stalin s sudden Against All Odds entry into the war in the Pacific The Japanese generals could see one million Soviet troops pouring into Manchuria ready to invade Japan and to avenge the Russian defeat of 1904 05 The Japanese people had kept their Emperor and lost anmpire Having read the book having had some of my views and assumptions challenged I m still forming my own conclusions Sleep, Circadian Rhythms, and Metabolism especially on the role of science and the responsibility of scientists Revisiting the choices made in 1945 is important can we apply learning from the past to an unknown future Total war had debasedveryone involved As it does and will continue to doJennifer Cameron Smith I can see that Paul Ham s Treasons, Stratagems, And Spoils examination of the Manhattan Project the atomic attacks on the two titular cities and the grim aftermath of the bombings would likely polarize opinionThe central argument of the book is that the justification for the dropping of the atomic bombs that they brought the war to annd is a fallacy Indeed Payment Due even thexpected capitulation of the Japanese government under the threat of a rain of atomic munitions was fatally flawedHam argues with some authority that a national government which Vampireville (Vampire Kisses, expected its soldiers to take on tanks with pole mines whose trainee pilots were intended to finish their careers as guided missiles and who failed to bat anyelid at the incineration of thousands of its citizens Pirate of the Pacific (Doc Savage, every night would hardly be likely to surrender just because cities were being annihilated in atomic blastsIndeed Mr Ham has very little positive to say about the USAAF sfforts over the Japanese Home Islands in particular Curtis LeMay s firebombing policy it s argued for all it s fire and fury had no great The Rich and the Profane (Lovejoy, effect on the Japanese will or ability to resist because the Japanese warconomy by this point simply didn t Turbulence exist All the raids did was cause human misery and prolong the racist nature of the Pacific war LeMay s concentration on civilian destruction preserved much of the nation s war infrastructure the visible rail network the Kokura arsenal and vital coal ferry between Hokkaido and Honshu were still operating in mid 1945 So too were several major industrial centres Their strangulation would have defeated Japanfficiently than individually destroying Japan s cities according to the US Strategic Bombing Survey LeMay was ordered not to do so in line with his personal mission to destroy Japanese civilian morale In the broader picture the US naval blockade as well as Fleet Admiral William Bull Halsey s carrier aircraft which attacked Japanese military targets with withering accuracy in July 1945 destroyed Japan s capacity to wage war ffectively than LeMay s indiscriminate air offensive That offensive may be 1945 destroyed Japan s capacity to wage war ffectively than LeMay s indiscriminate air offensive That offensive may be a moral and military failureIn the aftermath of the bombings Ham further Elizabeth Ann Seton expands on this theme as he describes American medical and scientific teams fail to provide any medical relief for the survivors of the bombings and in fact cause further harm by stealing any material gathered by Japanese doctors on themerging radiation poisoning cases There was never any pretence that the foreign medical teams Die Postmoderne Konstellation entering Hiroshima and Nagasaki were there toase the people s suffering Navy Secretary James Forrestal outlined their Folk Tales From the Soviet Union experimental role with crystalline clarity in a note to Truman on 18 November 1945 The study of theffect of radiation on personnel that is Japanese civilians he wrote had started as soon as possible after Japan s capitulation under the auspices of the army and navy and the Manhattan Project Preliminary surveys involve about 14000 Japanese who were Ulysses and the Trojan War exposed to the radiation of atomic fission It is considered that the group and others yet to be identified offer a uniue opportunity for the study of the medical and biologicalffects of radiation which is of utmost importance to the United States The argument that the Pacific War was nded not by the Bombs but by the Russian invasion of Manchuria is supported by his description of the political manoeuvring by the Japanese government
in trying to broker a peace deal and is mirrored bytrying to broker a peace deal and is mirrored by double dealings in EuropeI njoyed the book having come to it looking for a different interpretation of vents wanting my preconceptions to be challenged and although there was a false start this is what I got While I didn t necessarily agree with all of the conclusions reached and was a little concerned by some of the references uoted in particular his use of David Irving s The Destruction of Dresden when describing the European bombing offensives I was generally carried by the narrative and the debate I particularly njoyed the chapters on the birth of nuclear science and the workings of the Manhattan Project The chapters dealing with the two raids are harrowing and surprisingly uite short and although I found little new in the bombing of Hiroshima I learned a lot about the Taught to Obey effects of the bomb dropped on NagasakiVery much recommended to anyone interested in the war in the Far East or the start of the Cold War or twentieth century history in general or if you re comfortable with well written challenges to the orthodox history As The Onion put it in The Onion Presents Our Dumb Century it may well have been a case of Nagasaki bombed just for the Hell of it. Rific death tolls in Dresden and Tokyo The war in Europe may havended but it continued in the Pacific against a regime still looking to save face Ham describes the political manoeuvring and the scientific race to build the new atomic weapon He also gives powerful witness to its destruction through the Learning to Dance in the Rain eyes ofighty survivors from 12 year olds forced to work in war factories to wives and children who faced it alone reminding us that these two cities were full of ordinary people who suddenly out of a clear blue summer's sky felt the sun fall on their heads.