Midsummer Masque eThe new capitalist regime women themselves became the commons as their work was defined as a natural resource laying outside the sphere of market relationsIn a similar way that dismpowered working men are told that if nothing Maybe This Time (Belonging else they can at least have control over their wives and children through mechanical thinkingmerging as common philosophical Effetto domino enlightment thinking that now dominates much of our take on our own bodies we are all told that if nothinglse we can at least control rule over and be sovereigns of our own bodies People are taught to think of The Midwifes Miracle Baby each other as mere bodies to do work andven that our bodies are only machines Among other things it appears that because of this and Mendozas Miracle extreme punishments dished out by the inuisition we have the modern concept of our bodies being something separate from ourselves That we have an intellect that needs to keep our bodies under control All of this renforces and amplifies the ideas that have at times been held by a minority of reactionaries such as the intrinsic The Millionaires Mistress Bundle evil and wretchedness of humanity and the filthiness of the bodynatureFinally I had often heard a lot said usually vaguely about how the witch hunts were anra when powerful women and a lot of wisdom relating to things like health the body contraception was lost but it was incredibly powerful and moving to hear the specifics of that After a while practicing contraception infanticide abortion certain kinds of health treatment in general became capital offences as well as resisting the implementation of those laws This was made all the clear to me when Federici talks about the Miami Menage execution and burnings as publicvents and then I realized how seriously it must have been to watch your mother or sister or daughter or friend or grandmother being burned alive for using contraception Just as Miss Westons Masquerade enclosuresxpropriated the peasantry from the communal land so the witch hunt The Millionaires Proposal expropriated women from their bodies which were thus liberated from any impediment preventing them to function as machines for the production of labor For the threat of the stakerected formidable barriers around women s bodies than were Michael (New Orleans Knights everrected by the fencing off of the commonsAll of this is part of the disciplining of the social body in order to make it fit within the realm of workproduction Magic was and can be subversive as far as it teaches people they can get things without working hard and making sacrificesAs I got towards the Memoirs of a Millionaires Mistress end of the book I kept thinking When is Federici going to talk aboutxamples of collectivemass resistance to the witch burning heretics hunts And then I sadly came across this sectionThat the witch hunts successfully divided women from men is suggested by the fact that despite individual attempts by sons husbands or fathers to save their female relatives from the stake with one Meet Phoenix exception we have no record of any male organizations opposing the persecution Federici then tells about a fleet of fishermen who got word that their mothers and wives were being tortured andxecuted They rushed home and the inuisitor fled never to return It s infuriating that it would have initially been that The Mistletoe Melody (A Brookhollow Story, easy to save hundreds of thousands of lives but people were not able to organize themselves But there must be otherxamples of resisting this holocaust and I want that historySomething I really appreciated about this text that reminds me of books by Marcus Rediker and Peter Linebaugh is Federici s insistence that all these fucked up things were intricate and necessary for the development of the systems that now run our lives and that many of these injustices still xist and are necessary in keeping capitalism running An interested seuel to Caliban I think would be The Many Headed Hydra it picks up right around the time that Caliban is leaving off While Caliban focuses a lot on gender touching often on race in regards to class The Many Headed Hydra talks a lot about the development of race touching often on gender in regards to class47 Summer 2018I ve debated a fair amount whether I should add this update but here it isI carry Caliban and the Witch in my book distro A Boulder on the Tracks on a sliding scale of 12 20 My intention with the distro is not to turn a profit and any money I make goes back into acuiring titles or sending books to prisoners 12 is what I pay for them and as far as I know it s the cheapest one can get a new copy for Pardon the self promotion Fascinating and incredibly important book Covers the history of the nd of feudalism the rise of capitalism the rise of current patriarchal forms colonialism witch hunts and Makes it clear that capitalism was founded on the oppression of women and with massive resistance Screwball every step of the way Shows the importance of reproductive control Talks about the oppressivelements of philosophy from the time Covers so much that it skips some historical detail but it doesn t matter An ssential book for correcting the male centred perspectives of today as well as linking social rebellion of now to the past Read this if you re at all interested in feminism or anti capitalismedit i feel obliged to somewhat temper what i said above 18 months later I ve read fragments about problems with historiography in the book particularly and reading bits and pieces people who ve immersed themselves in the witchhunt literature have said from what i understand much of the problem is that a lot information and research has come out in the last 30 40 years that gives a very
different understanding of the political sociological and legal aspects of it see understanding of the political sociological and legal aspects of it see problem is this book focuses on older sources and has the problem of not always citing properly which means it uses some inaccurate information and has only a limited perspective simply because the information wasn t widely available or understood at the time the book was written probably as someone who s not read other witch hunt stuff i can t comment in detail and I ve not seen a comprehensive criticism i just think it s important to note and to make sure you don t take all the history as gospel that s not to smear the book and i still stand by it being a very interesting and important book politically and it s still full of useful history just wanted to put up some new information I haven t read a book this fascinating for a while Federici looks at the hundreds of thousands of women who were murdered in Europe in fascinating for a while Federici looks at the hundreds of thousands of women who were murdered in Europe in 16th century looks at the hundreds of thousands of women who were murdered in Europe in 16th century being accused of being witches and shows how this was because of the transition to capitalism and the need to destroy the solidarity between workers through demonizing women and turning men against them She also clearly connects this to imperialism I specially liked how she used both Foucault and Marx and yet makes important criticisms of both 1 oops now all i want to talk about is the The Outlaw Jesse James enclosures of the commons2 funny how i really like marxist analysis now and again mostly when applied to factors marxists in myxperience seriously downplay such as slavery without which capitalism would never have gotten off the ground but like who cares right blah blah wage labor blah3 it is so useful as history as making the western world make sense i want Up All Night every leftist i know to read it for filling in the gaps in How Things Got To Where They Are according to marx and foucault who both really like to conveniently ignore stuff i wantvery neopagan i know to read it because it simultaneously turns the myth of the burning times into an actual history with an actual impact and blows holes in the revitalizednostalgic contemporary practice of witchcraft The Spiral Dance essentially the reason you can cast yr spells in safety now is they no longer serve as anxcuse for a campaign of terror necessary for building the social order nor constitute subversio Oh my This book I kept wanting to devour the whole thing but I had to stop The Erotic Mind every few pages because it overwhelmed me so much I haven t learned so much from one book in a very long time Parts of this were uitemotional for me It s not often that non fiction gets me choked up Looking back at the history of peasant subjugation land privatization witch hunting and the creation of capitalism from a historical perpsective made our human Dancing at Midnight (The Splendid Trilogy, errors seem so brazen and clear I just can t believe we let this all happen We spend so much time arguing about different things in our society racism sexism ineuality poverty the role of the statetc but if we don t have an understanding of what gave rise to the status uo there is no way we can realistically hope to change it I am terrible at writing book reviews But this is seriousl I m kind of obsessed with this book This book is really something It Hurts When I Poop! a Story for Children Who Are Scared to Use the Potty else I can t recommend it too highly In Capital Marx needs toxplain how capitalism got started So he talks about what he calls the primitive accumulation of capital this involves the Here With Me (Together early capitalistsffectively stealing wealth from those around them so they have the initial capital they needed to begin the process of capitalist production and therefore further accumulation of wealth that surplus value brings into being Marx do. Power and self ownership two central principles of modern social organizationIt is both a passionate work of memory recovered and a hammer of humanity's agenda Peter Linebaugh author of The London Hanged. Who Were the Witches Patriarchal Terror and the Creation of CapitalismAlex KnightNovember 5 2009This Halloween season there is no book I could recommend highly than Silvia Federici s brilliant Caliban and the Witch Women the Body and Primitive Accumulation which tells the dark saga of the Witch Hunt that consumed Europe for than 200 years In uncovering this forgotten history Federici Double Deception (Code Name: Danger exposes the origins of capitalism in the heightened oppression of workers represented by Shakespeare s character Caliban and most strikingly in the brutal subjugation of women She also brings to light thenormous and colorful European peasant movements that fought against the injustices of their time connecting their defeat to the imposition of a new patriarchal order that divided male from female workers Today as and people uestion the usefulness of a capitalist system that has thrown the world into crisis Caliban and the Witch stands out as Wicked Lies (Men of Summer, essential reading for unmasking the shocking violence and ineuality that capitalism has relied upon from its very creationWho Were the WitchesParents putting a pointed hat on their young son or daughter before Trick or Treating might never pause to wonder this uestion seeing witches as just another cartoonish Halloween icon like Frankenstein s monster or Dracula But deep within our ritual lies a hidden history that can tell us important truths about our world as the legacy of pastvents continues to affect us 500 years later In this book Silvia Federici takes us back in time to show how the mysterious figure of the witch is key to understanding the creation of capitalism the profit motivated Grave Tattoo economic system that now reigns over thentire planetDuring the 15th 17th centuries the fear of witches was Georgia and the Tycoon ever present in Europe and Colonial America so much so that if a woman was accused of witchcraft she could face the cruellest of torture until confession was given orven be Churchills Trial executed based on suspicion alone There was often novidence whatsoever The author recounts for than two centuries in several European countries hundreds of thousands of women were tried tortured burned alive or hanged accused of having sold body and soul to the devil and by magical means murdered scores of children sucked their blood made potions with their flesh caused the death of their neighbors destroyed cattle and crops raised storms and performed many other abominations 169 In other words just about anything bad that might or might not have happened was blamed on witches during that time So where did this tidal wave of hysteria come from that took the lives so many poor women most of whom had almost certainly never flown on broomsticks or stirred A Conspiracy of Ravens (Lady Trent Mysteries eye of newt into large black cauldronsCaliban underscores that the persecution of witches was not just somerror of ignorant peasants but in fact the deliberate policy of Church and State the very ruling class of society To put this in perspective today witchcraft would be a far fetched cause for alarm but the fear of hidden terrorists who could strike at any moment because they hate our freedom is widespread Not surprising since politicians and the media have been drilling this frightening message into people s heads for years ven though terrorism is a much less likely cause of death than say lack of health care1 And just as the panic over terrorism has nabled today s powers that be to attempt to remake the Middle East this book makes the case that the powers that were of Medieval Europe In Pursuit of a Princess exploited or invented the fear of witches to remake European society towards a social paradigm that met their interestsInterestingly a major component of both of these crusades was the use of so called shock and awe tactics to astound the population with spectacular displays of force which help to soften up resistance to drastic or unpopular reforms2 In the case of the Witch Hunt shock therapy was applied through the witch burnings spectacles of such stupefying violence that they apparently paralyzed whole villages and regions into accepting fundamental restructuring of medieval society3 Federici describes a typical witch burning as an important publicvent which all the members of the community had to attend including the children of the witches Second Time Loving especially their daughters who in some cases would be whipped in front of the stake on which they could see their mother burning alive 186The book argues that these gruesomexecutions not only punished witches but graphically demonstrated the repercussions for any kind of disobedience to the clergy or nobility In particular the witch burnings were meant to terrify women into accepting a new patriarchal order where women s bodies their labor their sexual and reproductive powers were placed under the control of the order where women s bodies their labor their sexual and reproductive powers were placed under the control of the and transformed into conomic resources 170 federici puts forward that up until the 16th puts forward that up until the 16th though living in a sexist society European women retained significant conomic independence from men that they typically do not under capitalism where gender roles are distinguished She goes on If we also take into account that in medieval society collective relations prevailed over familial ones and most of the tasks that female serfs performed washing spinning harvesting and tending to animals on the commons were done in cooperation with other women we then realize this was a source of power and protection for women It was the basis for an intense female sociality and solidarity that Dark Awakening enabled women to stand up to men But the Witch Hunt initiated a period where women were forced to become what she calls servants of the male work force 115xcluded from receiving a wage they were confined to the unpaid labor of raising children caring for the lderly and sick nurturing their husbands or partners and maintaining the home In Federici s words this was the housewifization of women the reduction to a second class status where women became totally dependent on the income of men 27Federici goes on to show how female sexuality which was seen as a source of women s potential power over men became an object of suspicion and came under sharp attack by the authorities The assault manifested in new laws that took away women s control over the reproductive process such as the banning of birth control measures the replacement of midwives with male doctors and the outlawing of abortion and infanticide4 Federici calls this an attempt to turn the female body into a machine for the reproduction of labor such that women s only purpose in life was supposedly to produce children 144 But we also learn that this was just one component of a broader move by Church and State to ban all forms of sexuality that were considered non productive For xample homosexuality sex between young and old sex between people of different classes anal coitus coitus from behind nudity and dances Also proscribed was the public collective sexuality that had prevailed in the Middle Ages as in the Spring festivals of pagan origins that in the 16th century were still celebrated all over Europe 194 To this Family Men end the Witch Hunt targeted not only female sexuality but homosexuality and gender non conformity as well helping to craft the patriarchal sexual boundaries that define our society to this dayCapitalism Born in FlamesWhat separates Caliban from other worksxploring the witch phenomenon is that this book puts the persecution of witches into the context of the development of capitalism For Silvia Federici it s no accident that the witch hunt occurred simultaneously with the colonization and Creative Participation extermination of the populations of the New World the Englishnclosures or the beginning of the slave trade 164 She instructs that all of these seemingly unrelated tragedies were initiated by the same European ruling Sabina Spielrein elite at the very moment that capitalism was in formation the late 15th through 17th centuries Contrary to laissez faire orthodoxy which holds that capitalism functions best without state intervention Federici posits that it was precisely the state violence of these campaigns that laid the foundation for capitalistconomicsThankfully for the reader who may not be very familiar with the history of this Cognitive Radio Networks era Federici outlines thesevents in clear and accessible language She focuses on the Land Enclosures in particular because their significance has been largely lost in time Many of us will not remember that during Europe s Middle Ages Personnel Management in Government even the lowliest of serfs had their own plot of land with which they could use for just about any purpose Federici adds With the use of land also came the use of the commons meadows forests lakes wild pastures that provided crucial resources for the peasantconomy wood for fuel timber for building fishponds grazing grounds for animals and fostered community cohesion and cooperation 24 This access to land acted as a buffer providing security for peasants who otherwise were mostly subject to the whim of their Lord Not only could they grow their own food or hunt in the relatively plentiful forests which were still standing in that ra but connection to the commons also gave. CALIBAN AND THE WITCH is a history of the body in the transition to capitalism Moving from the peasant revolts of the late Middle Ages to the witch hunts and the rise of mechanical philosophy Federici inv.
Silvia Federici Ý 1 READ & DOWNLOADPeasants territory with which to organize resistance movements and alternative conomies outside the control of their mastersThe Enclosures were a process by which this land was taken away closed off by the State and typically handed over to ntrepreneurs to pursue a profit in sheep or cow herding or large scale agriculture Instead of being used for subsistence as it had been the land s bounty was sold off to fledgling national and international markets A new class of profit motivated landowners merged known as gentry but the underside of this development was the trauma The Child of the Soul and Other Stories experienced by thevicted peasants In the author s words As soon as they lost access to land all workers were plunged into a dependence unknown in medieval times as their landless condition gave mployers the power to cut their pay and lengthen the working day 72 For Federici then the chief creation of the Enclosures was a property less landless working class a proletariat who were left with little option but to work for a wage in order to survive wage labor being one of the defining features of capitalismCut off from their traditional soil many communities scattered across the countryside to find new homesteads But the State countered with the so called Bloody Laws which made it legal to capture wandering vagabonds and force them to work for a wage or put them to death Federici tells the result What followed was the absolute impoverishment of the European working class Evidence is the change that occurred in the workers diets Meat disappeared from their tables xcept for a few scraps of lard and so did beer and wine salt and olive oil 77 Although European workers typically labored for longer hours under their new capitalist mployers living standards were reduced sharply throughout the 16th century and it wasn t until the middle of the 19th century that arnings returned to the level they had been before the Enclosures5According to Federici the witch hunts played a key role in facilitating this process by driving a sexist wedge into the working class that undermined class solidarity making it difficult for communities to resist displacement 48 And while women were faced with the threat of horrific torture and death if they did not conform to new submissive gender roles men were in The Soviet Union effect bribed with the promise of obedient wives and new access to women s bodies The author cites that Another aspect of the divisive sexual politics to diffuse workers protest was the institutionalization of prostitution implemented through the opening of municipal brothels soon proliferating throughout Europe 49 And in addition to prostitution a legalization of sexual violence provided further sanction for thexploitation of women s bodies She xplains In France the municipal authorities practically decriminalized rape provided the victims were women of the lower class 47The witch trials were the final assault which all but obliterated the integrity of peasant communities by fostering mutual suspicion and fear Amidst deteriorating conditions neighbors were ncouraged to turn against one another so that any insult or annoyance became grounds for an accusation of witchcraft As the terror spread a new Science, Technology and Culture era was forged in the flames of the witch burnings Surveying the damage Silvia Federici concludes that the persecution of the witches in Europe as in the New World was as important as colonization and thexpropriation of the European peasantry from its land were for the development of capitalism 12A Forgotten RevolutionFederici maintains that it didn t have to turn out this way Capitalism was not the only possible response to the crisis of feudal power Throughout Europe vast communalistic social movements and rebellions against feudalism had offered the promise of a new No Beast So Fierce egalitarian society built on socialuality and cooperation 61Caliban s most inspiring chapters make visible an normous continent wide series of poor people s movements that nearly toppled Church and State at the nd of the Middle Ages Continue review at Look I m a communist and a feminist but I cannot in good conscience give this wildly imaginative history than one star The history contained in this book from its inaccurate portrayals of Medieval views on contraception to its spurious claims about the persecution of Midwives to its belief that Ius Primae Noctis was actually a thing this book is intellectually lazy poorly sourced garbage by someone whose grasp of history is tenuous at best Also the claim that the Catholic Church adopted women s clothing is absurd it was just Byzantine dress Super interesting book about the transition from feudalism to capitalism and how capitalism intersected with the witch hunts to oppress and demonize women As I read about capitalism I find it such an injustice that I did not learn about it in high school or ven college though I recognize my own upper middle class background shielded me from having to learn about it from life xperience directly Silvia Federici references Marx and Foucault while also filling in the gender related gaps in their arguments Namely she conveys how the intersection of capitalism and sexism dismantled solidarity between workers through the subjugation of women to men She draws parallels to slavery as well as other historic injustices and vents to further cement her caseI think I can recognize the intelligence of this work though the academic writing style dulled it a bit for me which is totally a subjective preference thing as all ratings are I suppose as opposed to a uality thing I m glad to have learned about the origins of capitalism and found her commentary on how capitalism separates workers from their bodies uite apt and insightful It s wild that as much as we touch on the witch hunts we don t learn about them in this particular feminist lens though the anti feminist underpinnings of the witch hunts become almost impossible to unsee once underpinnings of the witch hunts become almost impossible to unsee once see them Recommended for those who are interested in the historical intersections of capitalism and sexism in relation to the witch hunts and the transition from feudalism to capitalism It s pretty hard for me to give a book five stars and I m tempted to give that to CalibanI recently read this with some of my friends in a reading group and not only really njoyed it but it made me rethink a number of concepts primarily feminist ones that I had Lawman Lover (Outlaws, earlier written off as well as introduced mentirely new onesI had tried to read this five or six years ago but stopped since the language was too complicated for me Reading it again now with a few years of academic type reading under my belt and with friends it was a little City Girl in Training easierThemes and parts of the book that moved and impacted me the mostCapitalism was a reaction by those in power to the failed peasant revolts of the 1200 and 1300s Mercantilism and then capitalism takes into consideration the demands of thenserfed peasants as a means of recuperation and offers waged based work This new form of managing worklabor has it s benefits such as increased freedom of mobility but leads to wage slavery and much strict and fucked up social roles and ultimately is much controlling For Mystery at Kittiwake Bay example women weren t allowed to live without men in their household they couldn t be in public without men and inxtreme Dangerous Waters (Cold Case Files example were notven allowed to look out the windows of their homes now places of confinement All of this is forced on women it is not natural it wasn t happening for centuries It s a concise The Husband (Smytheshire, Massachusetts, era that can be pointed to along with laws being passed and the views of rulers philosophersditors tc ncouraging this new An Italian Education extremist thinking The depreciation and devaluing of women wasn t a problem of medieval thinking or fluke in the development of capitalism but an intricate vital part of itWith thenclosure of the commons people in general lost a lot of autonomy but women lost the only women only place they were allowed to legally have As a result women often lead the fiercest resistance to the Protecting the Colton Bride Coltons Cowboy Code enclosure tearing down fences and hedges the main signs of and means ofnclosure Men will Look-Alike Lawman (Texas Twins, eventually be offered women as a consolation prize for losing agency once had by the commons Apparentlynough of the bastards took the offer A new sexual contract was forged defining women in terms mothers wives daughters widows that hid their status as workers while giving men free access to women s bodies their labor and the bodies and labor of their children According to this new social sexual contract proletarian women became for male workers the substitute for the land lost to the nclosures their most basic means of reproduction and a communal good anyone could appropriate and use at will But
In The New Organizationthe new organization work very woman became a communal good for once women s activities were defined as non work women s labor began to appear as a natural resource available to all no less than the air we breathe or the water we drink For in pre capitalist Europe women s subordination to men had been tempered by the fact that they had access to the commons and other communal assets while in. Estigates the capitalist rationalization of social reproduction She shows how the battle against the rebel body and the conflict between body and mind are ssential conditions for the development of labor.